Sri Mudaliandan (Daasarathi)

Soottuyar maadangal thondrum ayodhiyarkon pudhalvan
Kaatililaiyan puripani Inbam karudhudhalal
Meetu Midaikudi pinnavanaiyinum velkilanai
Veetu kuriyan Mudaliandan ena meendadanae


It is interesting to note that Daasarathi (Mudaliandan) முதலியாண்டான் is considered as being an Avathara of the Lord Himself. It seems that Lord Rama was so pleased with Adiseshan's service to him as Lakshmana that he wanted to serve him in future Avatharas. As a result, he bestowed the Avathara of Balarama to Adiseshan and himself as Sri Krishna. Still unable to fulfill his desire, Lord Rama took the avatar of Mudaliandan inorder to pay his reverences to Swami Ramanuja.

Mudaliandan Vaibhavam in English (Illustrated Online book)
Mudaliandan Vaibhavam in Tamil (Illustrated Online book)


Swami Manavala Mamunigal sloka on Sri Mudaliandan:


ய: பூர்வம் பரதார்த்தித: பிரதிநிதம் ஸ்ரீபாதுகாமாத்மந: |
      ராஜ்யாய ப்ரததௌ ஸ ஏவ ஹி குரு: ஸ்ரீதாஸரத்யாஹவய: ||
பூத்வா லக்ஷ்மண பாதுகாந்திமயு கேஸர்வாத்மநாம் ஸ்ரேயஸே |
      ஸாம்ராஜ்யம் ஸவயமத்ர நிர்வஹதி நோ தைவம் குலஸ்யோத்தமம் ||||

Ya: Poorvam Bharathaarthitha: Prathinithim Sripaadhukaathmana: |
Raajyaya Prathathou Sa Yeva he Guru: Sridasarathyahavaya: ||
Boothva Lakshmana padukanthimayu Kesarvaathmanaam Sreyase |
Saamrajyam Swayamathra Nirvahathi No Thaivam Kulasyothamam ||||

Meaning: The one who was worshipped by Bharatha in the earlier yuga and had given his Paadhuka (Footwear) to Bharatha for ruling the kingdom on behalf of him, that Lord Rama himself have born again as Daasarathi (Mudaliandan Acharyan) to uplift all Jeevathmaa (Individual Soul) to attain moksha, is now ruling the Srivaishnava Samrajyam (Lord Vishnu devotees Kingdom).



Sri Mudaliandan Thanian (rendered by Sri Kandadai Aandan):

padhuke yathi rajasya kathayanthi yadhakh yaya |
thasya daasarathe: paadav Sirasa dhaarayaam yaham ||


Meaning: Yathiraja paduka (Swami Ramanuja's Lotus feet) is what he is known as. Hence we pay our respect to Daasarathi's (Mudaliandan) lotus feet

Year: 1027 (Prabhava year) - 1132 (Virodhikruthi Year) 
Birth Place: Pachai Varana Puram (now Nazareth Pettai, near Poonamalle)
Other Names: Daasarathi (given by parents), Yathiraja paduka, Nam Vadhoola Desikan (given by Sri Ranganthar), Vaishnav Siro Bushaa, Aandan (given by Swami Ramanujar), Tridandam (given by Swami Ramanujar), Sri Vaishnava dasar (given by Sishya's)
Month: Chithirai
Thiru Natchathiram: Punarpoosam
Amsam: Lord Rama

PACHAI VARANA PERUMAL - NAZARETHPETTAI
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Tamil - Sri Mudaliandan Vaibhavam (0.75 MB)

Thiru Natchathira Thanian:

mesha Punarvasudhinae daasarathi hamsa sambhavam |
yatheendra paadhukaapikyam vandhe daasarathim gurum ||


Meaning: Chithirai Month (mesha month), day of Punarpoosam with Lord Rama's amsam also known as Yathiraja paduka is our guru Daasarathi (Mudaliandan)

Download Swami Ramanujar & Sri Mudaliandan Swami Birth History - Video (87 MB)

Krita Yuga - Lord Vishnu --- Adi Seshan
Treta Yuga
- Lord Vishnu as Sri Rama --- Adi Seshan as Sri Lakshmana
Dwapara Yuga
- Lord Vishnu as Sri Krishna --- Adi Seshan as Sri Balarama
Kali Yuga
- Sri Rama (Lord Vishnu) as Mudaliandan --- Adi Seshan as Swami Ramanuja.

Dhaati Panchakam Thanian:

Yach chakre Baktha nagarey dhaatti panchaka mutthamam |
Ramanujaarya sachh aartham vandhe daasarathi gurum ||


Meaning
: At Baktha nagar (Thondanur), who had rendered Dhaati Panchakam sloka is none other than Ramanuja's close disciple, Sri Daasarathi (Mudaliandan).

Sloka Guruparambarai Dhyanam
(rendered by Mudaliandan):

asmath desikam asmadheeya Paramaacharyan aseshaangurum |
Sriman Lakshmana Yogipungava mahapoornav Munim Yaamunam ||


Ramam Padhmavilochanaam Munivaram Naadham Satath veshinam |
Senesam Sriya Mindhira Sagasaram Narayanam Samaasrayae ||


Another Mudaliandan Thanian (rendered by Koorathazhwaan):

ajahadh bhaagineyathvam paadhukaathvam thridhandathaam |
sampraaptham yathiraajasya vandhe daasharathim gurum ||


Meaning:

Ajahadh bhaagineyathvam - Eldest of Swami Ramanuja's sisters son is Mudaliandan. One day, when Ramanujar sacrificed everything at the time of taking Sannyaasam (ascetic) he did not give up Daasarathi, as that order demanded that all kith and kin should be renounced. To this Ramanujar replied that Daasarathi was an exception as if he leave Mudaliandan, means he leaves Lord Rama and said he don't want to be ascetic without Mudaliandan and added "If it is possible for me an ascetic to give up my staff, only then can Daasarathi leave me. He, though a bodily relation, is yet a kin to my soul. Because Swami Ramanuja knows that Mudaliandan is Lord Rama's avatar or amsam."
 


paadhukaathvam - Swami Mudaliandan is called as Swami Ramanuja's Lotus Feet or thiruvadi nilai. Sriman Narayana's thiruvadi is Sri Satagopan (Swami Nammazhwar). Swami Nammazhwar's thiruvadi is Madhurakavigal at all places except at Azhwaarthirunagari where it is called Sri Ramanujan. Swami Ramanuja's thiruvadi nilai is Sri Mudaliandan at all places except at thirumala where it is called Ananthaazhwaan.

thridhandathaam - When Thirukoshtiyur Nambi asked Swami Ramanuja to come to him to learn the "Rahasya Granthas" with his Pavithram (flag which is tied up on the top of Tridandam) and Tridandam (triple staff) he took with him Koorathazhwaan and Mudaliandan saying that they were his Pavithram and Tridandam. Mudaliandan's impeccable service to his mentor secured for him the status of being Ramanuja's Padukas (lotus feet), Tridandam & also the position of the administrator of the Srirangam Temple.

In our Srivaishanava Sampradayam, Pontiffs carry triple staff (tridandam) made out of three small wooden sticks. This is to signify the three components of our philosophy - chit, achit and easwara. It is mandatory for our Pontiffs to carry tridanda always with them. It is also said that "Vishnuroopam Tridandagyam" i.e., Tridandam is Vishnu's roopam. As Andaan is Mahavishnu's amsam, it is said "Paki Neyas Tridandaga". Thus it is appropriate that he is called as Sri Ramanuja's triplestaff (Tridandam).

sampraaptham yathiraajasya vandhe dhaasharathim gurum - so much attached with Swami Ramanuja is Mudaliandan who is our acharya (guru).



Another Thanian: (by Sishya's)

shri vaishnavAnAm dhAsathvam svAmithvam prabuthAm svayam |
vaadhoola kuladhaureyam vandhe daasarathim gurum ||


Meaning: This thanian was rendered by Mudaliandan sishyas at the time when he served Periya Nambi's Daughter Athuzhai as seedhanai vellaati (like bride servant) for 6 months.

    

The first sishya of Swami Ramanuja and that is why he is called as MUDALIANDAN.

Vishwaksenar or Sena Mudaliyaar is said to be the chief of the army of Lord Sriman Narayana. As Daasarathi ruled the Srirangam Temple Administration like Senai Muthaliyaar (Sri Vishvaksena), Daasarathi was given the name Mudaliandan by Swami Ramanujar.

Daasarathi (given by parents), Yathiraja's paduka, Nam Vadhoola Desikan (given by Sri Ranganthar), Vaishnav Siro Bushaa, Aandan (given by Swami Ramanujar), Tridandam (given by Swami Ramanujar), Sri Vaishnava dasar (given by Sishya's) was a relative, disciple and associate of Swami Ramanuja, the codifier of the philosophy of Srivaishnavism.

Birth History:

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It is believed that Lord Rama was very impressed by Thiruvananthazvan's kainkaryam as Lakshmana to him (Lord Rama) in Ramavatharam and wanted to wanted to serve him in future Avatharas. Thus, when he was born as Krishna in Krishnavataram he performed kainkaryam to Balarama (Who in turn is Thiruvananthazvan's amsam). Not fully satisfied with this, when Thiruvananthazvan appeared as Swami Ramanuja in Kaliyuga, lord incarnated as Mudaliandan and did kainkaryam to Sri Ramanuja and felt satisfied. Thus Mudaliandan is an amsam of Lord Rama.

Vaadhoola Kula Thilaka Sri Anantha Naarayana Dikshithar and Nachiyarammal (Swami Ramanuja's sister) didn't have child for a long time and wish to have one and in order to get blessed with a child they prepare to go to Tirumala to pray and plead with perumal for a child. In the pilgrimage, when they were resting on one night, Lord Rama who was their Thiruvaradhana Perumal appeared in their dream and said "You don't have to go Thirumala. I will myself be born as your son. Name him as "Daasarathi"". Daasarathi refers to the sons of King Dasaratha like how Lord Rama was also called.

Daasarathi (Mudaliandan) is an amsam or avatar of Lord Sri Rama.


Swami Mudaliandan was born in Prabhava Year, Chithirai Month, Punarpoosam Natchathiram (1027) at Pachai Varana Puram (referred to as "NazarethPettai" today) in Thondai mandalam, in the state of Tamil Nadu in South India. His parents were Vaadhoola Kula Thilaka Sri Anantha Naarayana Dikshithar and Nachiyarammal (Sri Ramanuja's sister). Daasarathi, as he was named, was Ramanuja's Priya Bhagineya in the parlance of the age. Born to his service, and known as "Yathiraaja Paaduka", he enjoyed a special relationship with Swami Ramanujar all his life.


Nachiyarammal was the eldest of Swami Ramanuja's two sisters. Hence Mudaliandan is called as Sri Ramanuja's Bhagineyar (sister's son). Anantha Narayana Dheekshidar named the child as Daasarathi. He was born in Vadamal Kulam, Vadhoola Gothram, Yajus sakhaai, Apasthamba Soothram in Prabava varusham, Chithira masam, Punarvasu natchathiram, an amsam of Lord Sri Rama.

Early Life:

Having begun his learning with his father, Daasarathi became a pillar of support to Swami Ramanujar, acclaimed by him as being identical to his Tridandam - his staff office as a sanyasi. However, Swami Ramanujar kept him busy in many ways, as he was a capable executive and administrator.

Sri Ramanuja, later started to depend on Daasarathi a lot. While going to kaveri for his daily bath, he used to lean on Daasarathi for support.

One day, when Sri Ramanuja sacrificed everything at the time of taking Sannyaasam (ascetic) he did not give up Daasarathi, as that order demanded that all kith and kin should be renounced. To this Sri Ramanuja replied that Daasarathi was an exception as he was his triplestaff (tridandam) (the same reason he gave to Tirukkottiyur Nambi) and added "If it is possible for me an ascetic to give up my staff only then can Daasarathi leave me. He, though a bodily relation, is yet a kin to my soul. Because Swami Ramanuja knows he is Lord Rama's avatar or amsam."

Thus Daasarathi became the first and Foremost disciple and thus how he was named as Mudali Andan by Swami Ramanuja He was later to be known as "Sriranganaatha Divyaalaya Nirvahana Dhurandhara" - the genius who organized, under Ramanuja's tutelage, the administration of the Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple.

He is mentioned in the Koyil Ozhugu, the chronicle of Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, in glowing terms,

"muthaliyaandaanum kurattilirunthu koyil kariyaththaiyum uLLe karuvulaka vaasalileyirunthu thirumeni upachaaraththayum, sannathiyile irunthu thiruppavaLa upchaarangaLayum udayavar niyamanappadi aaraaynthu kondu anaiththazhagum kaNdarula paNNIk-kondirunthaar".

(Roughly translated as: Mudaliandan administered the following, according to Swami Ramanuja's orders, the many works of the temple, the services to the Lord, and the works of the Shrine.)

Swami Desikan on Mudaliandan's sayings: Mudaliandaan is most well known for his lapidary saying, here given in transliterated maNipraavaaLam:

"oru malaiyil ninru, oru malaiyil thaavum simha shareeraththil janthukkaL pole bhaashyakaarar samsaaralanganam paNNa avarOdundaana kudalthudakkaale naam udhdheerdaraavuthomenru muthaliyaandaruLi-ch-cheytha paasuram".

This is roughly translatable as follows: When a lion leaps from a mountain to another, all the creatures that live on his body go with him. Even so, when Udayavar transcended this world, all of us who are associated with him benefit from this as well.

On udayavar's instructions Swami Mudaliandan went to Belur and converted all peoples to Srivaishnavism and installed Pancha Narayana temples at various locations.

Sloka on Swami Mudaliandan's Installation of Pancha Narayanan Temples:

Sri Ramancha samavistam pancha janyamcha sambhavam |
Pancha Narayana sthana sthapakam gurum asraye ||

Meaning: I take the solace under Acharya Mudaliandan, in whom Lord Rama's partial influence and a part of panchajanya's influenece exists is the one who installed the Pancha Narayana temples.


Start Over

Sri Mudaliandan Sripada Theertham:

Before reaching Melkote, Udayavar and Aandan halted at a place known as Thondanur.

    

There were lot of Jainist People living there. Swami Ramanujar tried to explain them about Vishistadvaita Philosophy, but in vain. Then Swami Ramanujar instructed Mudaliandan to just step into the waters to wash his feet of the local pool and come out. As ordained by Ramanuja, Mudaliandan interred his feet in the water at the shore from where people of the village draw water. Next day, Jainist villagers who came to take water from the lake are said to have unknowingly been converted to gentle ways (Sattva Guna - Sattva Guna is a force favourable for the attainment of Moksha) by imbibing the pool-water sanctified as the washing of Mudaliandan's feet (Sripadha - Theertham).

On the other side of the shore where the sanctified water was flowing, Vaduga Nambi collected that water in his hands where Ramanuja and Andan were standing and told Ramanuja "Is it not that Andan himself is your feet (padhuka)? Therefore his Sripadha Theertham is your Sripadha Theertham. Adiyen is re-offering the theertham at your lotus feet."

Then Swami Ramanuja said "Oh ! Is this a dual Saligramam? If so, let daily Thiruvaradhana be performed to Mudaliandan's Sripadha Theertham at this very place."

So it is firmly believed that even today who ever takes Sri Mudaliandan Sripadha Theertham will be changed to Sattva guna leaving Rajo Guna and Tamo Guna.

That is why even today, Sri Padha Theertham at Swami Mudaliandan Thirumaligai is given to anyone without considering the Caste or Religion as it has the power to change anyone to good and noble person.

Guna - Quality or Attribute
Sattva
- Is the light, the purity, the kindness charity and compassion (It will develop clarity, Briskness, Understanding capability, Develop Knowledge)
Rajo - is ego, bravery, jealousy, wars, struggles and helping with a motive (It will create anger and desire)
Tamo - is inertia, selfishness, shrewdness troubling others and keeping everything without progress. (It will make you feel sleepy, lazy, ignorant)

Dhaati Panchakam Thanian:

Yach chakre Baktha nagarey dhaatti panchaka mutthamam l
Ramanujaarya sachh aartham vandhe daasarathi gurum ||


Meaning
: At Baktha nagar (Thondanur), who had rendered Dhaati Panchakam sloka is none other than Ramanuja's close disciple, Sri Daasarathi (Mudaliandan).

  

Attained Paramapadam:

Swami Mudaliandan ascended to Sri Vaikuntam which is believed to be by Virodhikruthi year (1132) after living for 105 years in service of Lord Ranganatha & Swami Ramanuja.